TROMINERAL

TROMINERAL

Electrolytes Liguid

20 Common Egg Shell Quality Problems and Causes

 1) – pale-Shaled Eggs
The degree of brown color in the egg shell is determlned by the quality of deposited pigment in the cutice.
Causes: – Infectious bronchitis.
-Bird age (older hen).
– High stress in the flock.
– Egg Drop Syndrome 76.
Use of chemotherapeutic agents.
(i.e. sulfonamides and nicarbazin).

2) Lilac Eggs/Pink Eggs
The egg appearts to be pink of lilac due to the association between the cuticle and on extra calcium layer.
Causes:
– Stress.
– Excess calcium in the feed.

3) Dirty Eggs
If the egg shell is stained by feces.
it is important to avoid feed ingredients which cause wet and sticky droppings.
Causes:
– Wet droppings
– Large amount of indigestible compounds in the feed.
– Poor gut health
-Electrolyte imbalance / saline water.

4) Blood Stained Eggs
Usually from pullets in early lay. Eggs are contaminated by smears of blood from a prolapsed cloaca, vent pecking or cannibalism.
Causes: – Overweight pulltets.
– Pullets coming into lay.
– Sudden, large increases in day length.
– Poor hygiene: Cage, trays, beit pick-up system.

5) Shell-Less Eggs
Laid without a shell layer, these eggs are protected only by the shell membrane.
Causes:
– Immature shell gland.
– Disease: Avian influenza NDV, infectious bronchitis, Egg Drop Syndrome 76.
Inadequate nutrition: Calcium, phosphorus, manganese or vitamin D3.

6) Soft-Shelled Eggs
Laid with an incomplete shell, only a thin layer of calcium is deposited on the shell membrance.
Causes:
– Excessive phosphorus consumption.
– Stress.
– Bird age (older hen).
– Saline water.
– Mycotoxins.

7) Cracks
This problem includes hair line cracks.
star cracks, or large cracks that result in a hole in the shell.
Causes:
– Heat stress.
– Saline water.
– Bird age (older hen).
– Inadequate nutrition; Calcium and vitamin D3.
– Mycotoxins.

8) Carrugated Eggs
Characterized by a very rough, corrucated surface, these eggs are produced when plumping is not controlied and terminated.
Causes:
– Heart stress.
– Saline water.
– Bird age (older hen)
– Poor nutrition, especially calcium and vitamin D3
– Mycotoxins.

9) Wrinkled Eggs
Eggs with thinly creased and wrinkled surfaces.
Causes:
– Stress
– Infectious bronchitis
– Defective shell gland
– Overcrowding

10) Pimpled Eggs
Classified by small lumps of clacified material on the egg shell, the severity of pimples depends on the foreign material present during the calcification process.
Causes:
– Bird age.
– Strain of bird.
– Inadequate nutrition.

11) Colclum Coated Eggs
An extra layer of calcium can be seen all over the egg or on just one end.
Causes:
– Defective shell gland.
– Disturbances during calcification.
– Excess calcium in the diet.

12) Calcium Deposits
These eggs are classified by white, irregularly shaped spots deposited on the external surface of the shell.
Causes:
– Defective shell gland.
– Disturbances during calcification.
– Excess calcium in the diet.

13) white Speckled
With smaller speckles than calcium deposits, these eggs may be laid down befor of after the cuticle is formed.
Causes:
– Defective shell gland.
– Disturbances during calcification.
– Excess calcium in the diet.

14) Brown Speckled
With smaller speckles than calcium deposits, these eggs may be laid down before or after the cuticle is formed.
Causes:
– Defective shell gland.
– Disturbances during calcification.
– Excess calcium in the diet.

15) Motiled shells
When placed in front of a light, the translucent areas appear mottled or glassy as a result of the shell’s failure to dry out quickly.
Causes:
– High humidity in the shed.
– Disease and mycotoxins.
– Manganese deficiency.
– Overcrowding.

16) Body-Checked Eggs
The egg is cracked in the shell gland pouch and then repaired before lay.
Causes:
– Incorrect lighting.
– Stress.
– Bird age (older hen).
– Overcrowding.

17) Broken and Mended
A diagonal break occurs during formation and is mended again before lay.
Causes:
– Stress during calcification.

18) Misshapen Eggs
These eggs are too small or large, round instead of differ from normal shapes.
Causes:
– Immature shell gland.
– Disease: Avian influenza NDV, infectious bronchitis, Egg Drop Syndrom 76.
– Stress.
– Overcrowding.

19) White Banded Eggs
If two eggs come into contact with each other in the shell gland pouch, normal calcification is interrupted. The first egg retained in the pouch will have an extra layer of calcium
seen as the white band marking.
Causes: – Stress.         – Changes in lighting.

20) Stab-sided Eggs
The second egg that enters the shell gland pouch is not as complete as the first egg and is flattenend where the eggs made contact.
Causes:
– Stress
– Changes in lighting
– Disease

COMPOSITION
Composition per 1000 ml:
Phosphoric acid …………………………………………… 235 gm
Vit D3 ……………………………………………………. 1500000 iu
Calcium chloride ………………………………………….. 103 gm
Manganize sulphate ……………………………………. 10.8 gm
Magnesium sulphate ……………………………………… 108 gm
Zinc sulphate …………………………………………………. 10.2 gm
Ferrous sulphate …………………………………………….. 12 gm
Copper sulphate ……………………………………………… 2.5 gm
Cobait sulphate ……………………………………………….. 0.1 gm
Sodium chloride …………………………………………… 45.2 gm
Potassium chloride …………………………………………….. 7 gm
Carrier to ……………………………………………………… 1000 ml

INDICATIONS
Tromineral: oral solution contains all the essential macro and micro elements needed for proper bone growth, shell formation, healthy brid and also needed during all types of stress.

– Tromineral for broiler: brooding period, befor all types of handling, peak trimming, over stocking and treatment of cannibalism.

– Tromineral for layer and breeders: help improve shell quality and egg production.

DOSAGE OF ADMINISTRATION
For prophylactic use:
1 ml /liter for 24 hours per day for 3-5 days
For treatment:
2 ml /liter for 24 hours per day for 3-5 days

TARGET SPECIES
Chicken of all types broilers, breeders, layers.
Ducks & turkey.

STORAGE
Store at room temperature.

PACKAGE
1 Liter plastic bottle